Silicones (singular: the silicone) is a name for a group of synthetic polymers in which silicon atoms are linked via oxygen atoms to form molecular chains and / or net-like. The remaining free valence electrons of the silicon are saturated by hydrocarbon radicals (usually methyl groups). The designation was the beginning of the 20. Century introduced by the English chemist Frederick Stanley Kipping (1863-1949). In the scientific literature, instead of silicones, the terms poly (organo) siloxanes or siloxanes are frequently used.
On the other hand, silicones occupy an intermediate position between inorganic and organic compounds, in particular between silicates and organic polymers, owing to their typically inorganic skeleton on the one hand and their organic residues on the other hand. They are somewhat hybrid and have a unique range of properties that no other plastic can match.
Silicone (English: silicone) is not to be confused with the silicon component silicon (English: silicon).
The spelling similar to English often leads to incorrect translations.